The Effects of Zn Doped TiO2 on the Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells



  • Dwayne Reddy Durban University of Technology
  • I. J. Larzarus


The work focuses on the effects of Zn-doped TiO2 as the Electron Transport Layer in MAPbI3 based Perovskite Solar Cells with a carbon-based back electrode fabricated under controlled ambient conditions. Varying molar percentages of Zn-doped TiO2 of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 mol% were successfully incorporated into the TiO2 crystal structure using the sol-gel technique. Characterization through X-ray diffraction and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy confirmed the incorporation of Zn ions. The crystallite size ranged from 19.99 to 7.1 nm, depending on the Zn ion doping concentration. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy verified the presence of the anatase phase of Zn-doped TiO2 at wavenumber 438 cm-1. Scanning Electron Microscope images exhibited fairly smooth and uniform surface coverage for the Zn-doped TiO2 layers. The Rq values for surface roughness showed a decrease from 26.85 nm for undoped TiO2 to 23.4 nm for the 5 mol% Zn-doped TiO2 layer. UV-Vis spectroscopy demonstrated low light transmission loss characteristics from 300 to 790 nm, with the 2 mol% Zn-doped TiO2 showing slightly improved light transmission between 550 and 800 nm. The bandgap energy of undoped and Zn-doped TiO2 ranged from 3.53 to 3.38 eV. An optimum power conversion efficiency of 5.67% was achieved with a 2 mol% dopant concentration. However, increasing the Zn dopant to 5 mol% led to a slight deterioration in the PCE. According to the optimized ETL processing for the PSC, the Jsc increased from 12.2185 mA/cm2 to 12.25594 mA/cm2, the Voc increased slightly from 0.90569 V to 0.9231 V, and the PCE from 5.199% to 5.67%.




How to Cite

Reddy, D., & Larzarus, I. J. . (2024). The Effects of Zn Doped TiO2 on the Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells: None. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Applied Sciences (IJEEAS), 7(1). Retrieved from