Optimization Techniques to Enhance Voltage Stability in Power System: A Review Towards Improving Bhutanese Power Network
With the rising trend of restructuring in the electric power industry like the inclusion of renewable energy (RE) and stretching of long lines, several transmission lines are forced to operate at almost full capacity. As a result, more incidents of voltage instability are being recorded, culminating in major system failures. Bhutanese people are used to experiencing numerous voltage dips and swells since decades but no hue and cry was heard. However, with more sensitive equipments and devices imported into the country, the need of stable and reliable power are realized. The voltage stability studies seek to maintain consistently acceptable voltages in all power system buses under normal and post-disturbance situations. It is critical to focus on voltage integrity, which might otherwise result in massive losses. One of the primary causes of voltage failure, among others, is an insufficient supply of reactive power in the system. The reactive power handling capabilities of a system can be enhanced by using a flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) device. Nonetheless, given the cost implications, Bhutan may not opt for FACTS devices. This paper, therefore, presents and examines different optimization algorithms used to improve the voltage profile of the network through various methods. The paper makes a comparative analysis of modern and widely used optimization techniques to achieve enhancement in voltage stability. The hybrid optimization techniques are preffered over one but focusing on having effective control system in the generation, optimal tap setting for every transformer, and encouraging DG integration at weak buses are recommended
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