Virtual Path Navigation using Two Rotary Encoders


  • Jia Sheng Lee
  • Kim Seng Chia Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia


Automated Guided Vehicle, Rotary encoder, Navigation, Virtual path


The aim of this project is to evaluate the feasibility of the use of two rotary encoders in navigating an automated guided vehicle (AGV) in more complex virtual paths that include 90 and 180 degree turning from one to another desired positions. The proposed AGV was remotely controlled using a Bluetooth in a smart phone. The proposed AGV consisted of a microcontroller,two rotary encoders, an ultrasonic sensor, and a Bluetooth. The overshoot and systematic error was minimized using experiment data when the AGV was turning. The readings of the rotary encoders were mapped to the actual travel distance via calibration experiments so that the AGV can be redesigned to travel in different desired path without repeating the calibration experiments.Findings indicate that the proposed navigation method can navigate the AGV from one location to another location without installing any physical path or track.


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How to Cite

Lee, J. S., & Chia, K. S. (2019). Virtual Path Navigation using Two Rotary Encoders. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Applied Sciences (IJEEAS), 2(1), 71–76. Retrieved from



Mechatronics and Intelligent Robotics