Virtual Path Navigation using Two Rotary Encoders
Keywords:Automated Guided Vehicle, Rotary encoder, Navigation, Virtual path
The aim of this project is to evaluate the feasibility of the use of two rotary encoders in navigating an automated guided vehicle (AGV) in more complex virtual paths that include 90 and 180 degree turning from one to another desired positions. The proposed AGV was remotely controlled using a Bluetooth in a smart phone. The proposed AGV consisted of a microcontroller,two rotary encoders, an ultrasonic sensor, and a Bluetooth. The overshoot and systematic error was minimized using experiment data when the AGV was turning. The readings of the rotary encoders were mapped to the actual travel distance via calibration experiments so that the AGV can be redesigned to travel in different desired path without repeating the calibration experiments.Findings indicate that the proposed navigation method can navigate the AGV from one location to another location without installing any physical path or track.
Allan S. MacKinnon, Donald J. Willemsen, David T. Hamilton, “Automated guided vehicle system.” United State patent
US4530056A, Oct. 1982.
C. Reads, “Current Automated Guided Vehicles ( AGV ) Are Ineffective,” no. January, 2018.
R.R. Murphy, “Using Robot Competitions to Promote Intellectual Development,” AI Mag-azine, vol. 21, no. 1, 2000,
T. B. Sheridan, “Human – Robot Interaction : Status and Challenges,” vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 525–532, 2016.
M. C. Gombolay, C. Huang, and J. A. Shah, “Coordination of Human-Robot Teaming with Human Task Preferences,” 2015.
Shukla Shubhendu and Jaiswal Vijay, “Applicability of Artificial Intelligence in Different Fields of Life,” International Journal of
Scientific Engineering and Research, September 2013.
S. K. Das and M. K. Pasan, “Design and Methodology of Automated Guided Vehicle-A Review,” no. June, 2016.
K. S. Chia and Z. Nichols, “Ziegler-Nichols Based Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controller for a Line Tracking Robot,” vol. 9,
no. 1, pp. 221–226, 2018.
Suman Kumar Das, “Increase In Efficiency Using Pid Control OfAn Automated Guided Vehicle For Product Ware House,” no.
S. H. Lee and K. S. Chia, “Navigating an Auto Guided Vehicle using Rotary Encoders and Proportional Controller,” vol. 9, no.
, pp. 71–77, 2017.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).